Sempacher variety , um 1400
About the object
In 1386, a large number of Freiburg troops fought on behalf of the Habsburgs against the Swiss Confederates near Sempach, north of Lucerne. Archduke Leopold's forces were defeated. The demise of the Freiburg nobility, many of whom were killed at Sempach, contributed significantly to the loss of its supremacy in the council and to the concomitant strengthening of the guilds. The special form of the Swiss halberd, which was in use until the 16th century, was named after this famous battlefield.